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Mysteries of the Divine Apprenticeship Program



Directory of North and South America Deities


The great creator mother among the Inuit people.

Ab Kin Zoc
(Maya)Ppiz Hiu Tec. God of poetry.

(Guarani Indian) God who cut off his huge nose, which then flew into the sky and became the moon.

Ac Yanto
(Maya)God of white men.

(Maya)God of wine.

(Maya/Aztec)God of tatooers, life.

This was the name given to the sacred sun virgins among the Incas. In times of dire emergencies they willingly sacrificed their lives to appease the gods.

(Maya/Mexico) Mother goddess associated with the moon. Patron of childbirth. Also known as Akna.

(Aztec)Underworld God.

(Aztec)Underworld God.

(Aztec/Mexico) Goddess of the ocean. Closely associated with Chalchiuhtlicue. Aztec women appeal to her as they go into labor. Also: Acuecueyotl.

Adamisil Wedo
(Haiti) Water goddess. Also known as Si Adaman.

(Eskimo) The home of Sedna, goddess of the sea. This is where the dead are purified before continuing on to the Land of the Moon.

Agaman Nibo
(Haiti) Goddess of the dead. Mother of Baron Samedi, father and chief of the gods of the dead and cemeteries.

(Tunpa) The fox-god who gave the carob tree to the people.

(Haiti) Vodun (voodoo) goddess. A manifestation of Yemanja. (Agwe is also a male deity.)

(Haiti) Sea goddess. Daughter of Agwe.

Ah Bolom Tzacab
(Maya)Ah Bolon Dz'acab. The leaf-nosed god. God of agriculture.

Ah Cancum
(Maya)God of hunting.

Ah Chun Caan
(Maya)Tutelary deity.

Ah Chuy Kak
(Maya)Fire Destroyer. War god.

Ah Ciliz
(Maya)God of solar eclipses.

Ah Cun Can
(Maya)Serpent Charmer. War god.

Ah Cuxtal
(Maya)God of birth.

Ah Hulneb
(Maya)God of war.

Ah Kin
(Maya)Ah Kinchil. He of the Sun. Sun god. Controls drought and disease.

Ah Kumix Uinicob
(Maya)Attendant Water Gods.

Ah Mun
(Maya)God of maize.

Ah Muzencab
(Maya)Bee Gods.

Ah Patnar Uinicob
(Maya)Attendant Water Gods.

Ah Peku
(Maya)God of thunder.

Ah Puch
(Maya)Ahpuch. Lord of Death. Barebones. Hunahau or Hunhau. Rules Mitnal. God of death and the personification of disaster and darkness. God of childbirth.

Ah Tabai
(Maya)Hunting God.

Ah Uaynih
(Guatemala) Goddess of sleep. She causes males to fall asleep.

Ah Uincir Dz'acab
(Maya)God of healing.

Ah Uuc Ticab
(Maya)Chthonic deity.

Ah Wink-ir Masa
(Guatemala) Nature goddess. Protector of wild animals, especially deer.

Ahau Chamahez
(Maya)Medicine God.

(Maya)Ahau Kin. Lord of the Sun Face. Sun god. Jaguar God. Lord of the underworld.

(Maya)God of agriculture.

Ahnt Alis Pok'
(Mexico) Goddess, two feet tall, who lives with her mother Ahnt Kai'.

Ahnt Kai'
(Mexico) Goddess of women and children. Daughter of Koo-mah'mm hahs-ay' tahm(First Woman). She flies at night and lives above the peak of Tiburon mountain. She is the teacher of singing and dancing, and tells the women and children when to do the Fish Dance. She heals snake bites. Equivalent to Athena (Greek), Kuan Yin (Far East) and Estsanatlehi (North America).

(Aztec/Mexico) Goddess of the running water in rivers, streams, and waves on the beach. A manifestation of Chalchiuhtlicue.

(Maya)The Archer. War god.

Aida Wedo
(Haiti) Goddess of the rainbow and fresh water who determines human destiny. Followers offer sacrifices to her before their marriage. Her husband is Damballa, god of rivers and springs, and they both materialize as snakes. Also known as Aida Cuedo, Aido Wedo, Ayida, Ayida Cueddo.

(Maya) One of the 13 gods who created the people; he assisted in the actual creating.

(Maya)One of the thirteen Gods who created human beings.

The sun goddess of the Toba tribe of Argentina.

(Maya)Goddess of childbirth.

(Eskimo) Sun god of the Alaskan Eskimo.

Alaghom Naom Tzentel
Ancient Maya goddess of thought and intellect. Also known as Alaghom Naum, Ixtat Ix.

(Eskimo) God of the moon, storms, earthquakes and tides.

(Maya) God of the sky. One of the 7 gods who assisted in the creation of the world.

(Aztec)God of lakes and fish hunters.

Angpetu Wi
(Dakota) The sun god.

(Eskimo) Moon god. Called Igaluk in Alaska.

(Aztec/Mexico) A form of Chalchiuhtlicue, represented by foam, suds, or white-capped waves on the water surface, suggesting the virtue of purity.

Apu Punchau
(Inca)Head of the day. Sun God.

The first woman according to the Athabascans (AmerIndian), who was responsible for the birth of animal life on earth.

(Caribbean) Earth goddess in Cuba. Also known as Attabeira, Apito, Siella, Suimado, Mamona, Guacarapita, Liella, Guimazoa, Iella.

(Iroquois) The sky goddess who fell to the earth at the beginning of creation.

(Aztec)God of water.

(Aztec/Mexico) Goddess of ocean storms.

(Aztec/Mexico) Goddess of drought.

(Aztec/Mexico) One of the names for the Aztec mother goddess.

(Aztec)Atlahua. Water God. Lord of the waters. God of fishermen.

A Chilean moon goddess.

(Maya) The god of dawn.

(Aztec/Mexico) Goddess of fog and mist in the early morning or at night. She is associated with fame and vanity.

(Haiti) Goddess that protects the market place, public places, roads, doorways, and gates. She is seen as a serpent and is represented by a palm leaf. Also known as Ayizan Velequete.

(Maya)Gods of the four winds, the four directions. Four protective deities.Cauac, Ix, Kan, and Mulac.

The ancestor goddess of the Chibcha of South America. She mated with her son to produce the human race.

Backlum Chaam
(Maya)God of male sexuality.

(Maya)The Deities who protect people in their daily lives. Protectors of the community against external threats.

Bikeh Hozho
(Navajo) The personification of speech, who appears in the Navajo creation myth in human-like form.

(Maya)Sky God. One of the seven Gods who created the world and the humans.

(Chibcha) The supreme sun god.

(Maya)A group of chthonic deities of the underworld.

Breath of Wind
(Iroquois) The daughter of Atahensic, and the mother of Ioskeha and Tawiscara.

Buluc Chabtan
(Maya)God of war to whom humans were sacrificed. He is the so-called 'God F'.

(Maya)Heart of the Sky. One of the seven Gods who assisted in the creation of the world and of mortals.

(Maya)Creator God.

(Maya) Subordinate to Yaluk, and ruler of the lesser lightning bolts.

(Maya)God of fate.
(Aztec)Mixcoatl. God of war, hunting, and fate, and creator of fire. He is one of the four Gods who created the world.

(Maya) The bat god.

(Maya)God of earthquakes and mountains.

(Mohave) Goddess of love (the "Mohave Venus"). She presides over fertility in humans and animals.

(Maya)One of the four Bacabs. Cauac is associated with the south. His color is red.

(Peru) The myth: Coniraya, the moon god, is said to have shaped his sperm into the likeness of a fruit which Cavillaca, a virgin goddess, unwittingly ate, thereby becoming pregnant; she bore a son. She called all the gods together and demanded to know who the boyāā‚¬ā„¢s father was. When no one owned up to it she placed the boy on the ground whereupon he crawled toward Coniraya. Cavillaca, ashamed because the moon god was the poorest and seediest of the gods, grabbed her son and ran away. When she reached the coast of Peru she changed her son and herself to rocks.

(Aztec)Centeocihuatl. Cinteotl. Maize God.

(Aztec)Gods of the southern stars.

(Maya)Chac Mol. Long-nose. Rain and vegetation God. God of fertility and agriculture. One of the Bacabs. Personification of the east. He is also known as Ah Hoya ("he who urinates"), Ah Tzenul ("he who gives food to others"), and Hopop Caan ("he who lights up the sky").

Chac Uayab Xoc
(Maya)Fish God.

Chakwaina Okya
(Zuni) Goddess of childbirth.

(Aztec)God of water.

(Aztec) She unleashed the flood (to punish the wicked) that the destroyed the fourth world (according to the Aztecs, we are in the fifth world). She ruled over all the waters of the earth; oceans, rivers, rain, etc. The wife/sister of Tlaloc. The goddess of running water, and of fertility; she was also associated with marriage. Goddess of the East. Precious Green Lady. Precious Jewel Lady. Precious jade skirt. Vegetation Goddess. Goddess of storms, youthful beauty, whirlpools, spring growth, love, flowers, spirits, streams, sea, springs. Protectress of newborn babies and marriages.

(Aztec)God of pestilence.

(Aztec)Goddess of the underworld.

(Aztec)God of the underworld.

(Maya)God of death.

(Aztec)Goddess of hearth fires and volcanic fires, home, fertility. Her name means 'she who dwells in the house'.

(Maya)The four wind Gods, each associated with one of the cardinal directions.

(Inca)Goddesses who cared for princesses, girls and flowers.

(Algonquin) Brother of Nanabush.

(Maya)Earth Goddess.

(Maya)A group of four rain Gods, associated with the four cardinal directions. They create rain clouds from the deep lakes in which they reside.

(Aztec) A maize goddess. She appeared in multiple forms; a maiden adorned with water flowers, a young woman whose embrace brought death, and a mother carrying the sun as a shield. The goddess of plenty, she was the female aspect of the corn.

(Aztec)God of painters.

(Aztec)Hearth Goddess. Guardian of the household.

(Aztec)Creator God.

(AmerIndian) A fun-loving Chibcha goddess who advised the people to live a life of merrymaking, joy and laughter instead of just obeying the laws. This teed off Bochia (god of law) who turned her into an owl.

(Maya)Goddess who was brought to the world when four of the gods who created the world split themselves up and became four additional beings.

(Aztec)Chihucoatl. Earth and Mother Goddess. Patroness of birth and of women who died while giving birth. Goddess of childbirth. When weeping and wailing through the night she was forecasting wars and misery.

(Aztec)God of corn. Corn Spirit.

(Aztec) The Earth Monster to whom Tezcatlipoca sacrificed his foot.

(Maya)God of medicine.

Cit Chac Coh
(Maya)War God.

(Aztec)Creator God.

(Aztec)Citlalinicue. Ilamatecuhtli. Star Garment. Creator Goddess.

(Aztec)Ciuacoatl. Goddess of the earth.

(Aztec)Ciuateoteo. Spirits of the underworld.

(Maya)God of death.

(Aztec)1. THE MYTH OF COATLICUE (Earth Monster): In the darkness and chaos before the Creation, the female Earth Monster swam in the waters of the earth devouring all that she saw. When the gods Quetzalcoatl and Tezcatlipoca decided to impose form upon the Earth, they changed themselves into serpents and struggled with the Earth Monster until they broke her in two. Coatlicue's lower part then rose to form the heavens and her upper part descended to form the earth. Coatlicue has an endless, ravenous appetite for human hearts and will not bear fruit unless given human blood. One day while performing penance and sweeping at Coatepec, the chaste and pious Coatlicue discovers a ball of feathers. Wanting to save the precious feathers, Coatlicue places them in her waistband. However, when she later looks for the ball of feathers, it is gone. Unknown to her at the time, the feathers had impregnated her with the seed of Huitzilopochtli. Gradually Coatlicue grows in size until her sons, the Centzon Huitznahua, notice that she is with child . Enraged and shamed, they furiously demand to know the father. Their elder sister, Coyolxauhqui, decides that they must slay their mother. The news of her children's intentions terrifies the pregnant goddess, but the child within her womb consoles Coatlicue, assuring her that he is already aware and ready. Dressed in the raiment of warriors, the Centzon Huitznahua follow Coyolxauhqui to Coatepec. When her raging children reach the crest of the mountain, Coatlicue gives birth to Huitzilopochtli fully armed. Wielding his burning weapon, known as the Xiuhcoatl or Turquoise Serpent, he slays Coyolxauhqui and, cut to pieces, her body tumbles to the base of Coatepec.
2. Another MYTH of COATLICUE: "Mother of Gods": Earth goddess. Coatlicue conceived Quetzalcoatl, God of creation, after keeping in her bosom a ball of hummingbird feathers (the soul of a fallen warrior) that dropped from the sky. Quetzalcoatl, with Tezcatlipoca, pulled her down from the heavens, and in the form of great serpents, ripped her into two pieces to form the earth and sky. Coatlicue was known as "The Mother of Gods", "The Devourer of Filth", "Our Grandmother". She wears a skirt made of braided serpents secured by another serpent and a necklace of human hands and hearts with a human skull. Her feet and hands are adorned with claws. Coatlicue was seen as an insatiable deity feasting on the corpses of men. Her breasts are depicted as hanging flaccid from nursing. Also known as Teteoinan, (Teteo Inan), "The Mother of Gods", gave birth to the moon, stars, and Huitzilopochtli (the Sun god). She was also known as Toci, "Our Grandmother", and known as Cihuacoatl, patron of women who die in childbirth. Cihuacoatl was transformed into modern Mexican culture as La Llorona, "The Weeping Woman", said to carry the body of a dead child and weep at night in city streets.

(Aztec)Cocochimetl. God of merchants and commerce.

(Zapotec) The rain god.

(AmerIndian) A goddess of health and happiness. Originally a promiscuous woman cut in half by jealous lovers; her body grew into the first coca bush, whose leaves men were not suppose to chew until they had satisfied a woman's sexual needs.

Colel Cab
(Maya)Earth Goddess.

Colop U Uichkin
(Maya)Sky God.

(Aztec) Son of Malinalxochi.

(Aztec) Goddess of the moon. One of the four hundred of Coatlique's children killed by Huitzilopochtli, who when he saw his mother's grief at this particular death (she did not mourn the others), cut off Coyolxauhqui's head and threw it high into the sky where it became the moon, so that his mother might take comfort nightly from the sight of her daughter in the sky.

(Maya) Brother of Cakulha, and ruler of the sound of thunder.

Coyote or Old Man
(American Indian)Also called Inktomi by some tribes. The "trickster" who assists in one aspect or other of some American Indian creation myths.

Cum Hau
(Maya)God of death.

(Seneca) Personification of a whirlwind.

(Seneca) Collective name of the three daughters of the Earth Mother. They are the guardians and spirits of corn, beans, and squash.

A heroine of the Ontario Hurons, Djigonasee was the mother of the peacebringer Deganawada, founder of the Iroquois League (Six Nations): Seneca, Cayuga, Onondaga, Oneida, Mohawk, and Tuscarora. Like many mothers of heroes, Djigonasee was a virgin when her son was born. A herald from beyond this world announced the birth.

(Haida) The volcano goddess of the Haida tribe.

(Duwamish) A mountain goddess.

(Aztec) God of the wind. He brought love to the human race when he aroused desire in the maiden Mayahuel. Their love was made manifest by a beautiful tree which grew upon the spot where they landed on earth.

(Iroquois) The earth; her name means "our mother".

Ek Ahau
(Maya)War God.

(Maya)Ek Chuah. God of war. Patron of merchants.

(Arapaho) Grandmother earth goddess.

(Chamacoco) She is the Great Spirit's wife and the mother of the rain.

(Navaho) The sky goddess, wife of the sun. The twin sister of Yolkai Estsan, wife of the moon. The "woman who recreates herself". The most respected Navajo deity. She is the mother of the twins Monster Slayer and Born for Water, who rid the earth of monsters. The first humans are said to have been created from skin rubbed from her body.

(AmerIndian) The goddess of night and day. She had a pot with a lid; when she closed the lid the sun was left outside (night), when she took the lid off the pot, the sun could be seen (day).

(Coquille) Creator goddess.

(Iroquois) Master of the winds.

(Ojibwa) She was a young woman given in marriage to a respected elder of the tribe, who was more than three times her age. She went obediently, if unhappily, feeling her life would be less satisfying than if she had found a love-mate her own age. As the years passed and she had many children by the old man, her heart softened towards him. When he grew sick at age 85, Gawaunduk cared for him tenderly and nursed him back to health. He recovered and lived another 15 years. Then, at 100 years old, he died quietly in his sleep. She grieved so at his grave that she died of that grief and they were buried together. Mists that rise from spruce forests are said to be her tears as she mourns for him.

(Ojibwa) She was the sky mother, a manitou (great spirit) who dwelt in the heavens and watched over her people from there. She was the creator of humanity; she created the earth by descending into the primal soup to find land under the waves and fashioning it into the hills and valleys and the mountain ranges of the earth.

(Iroquois) The morning star (means "she who brings the day"). Her story tells of the time when the great hunter Sosondowah was stalking a supernatural elk. The hunt brought him to the heavens, where the goddess Dawn trapped him as her doorkeeper. But he did not remain faithful to his duties; down on earth he saw Gendenwitha (a mortal woman) and daily left his duties to court her. While Dawn was busy coloring the sky, the hunter was singing to his beloved: in spring as a bluebird; in summer, as a blackbird; in autumn, as a hawk. And it was as a hawk that he tried to carry Gendenwitha to heaven with him. But the jealous Dawn turned the woman into a star and set Gendenwitha just above Dawn's door, where she shines today as the morning star.

(Iroquois) She was a human woman so wise that squabbles among her people were brought to her for settlement. Genetaska was always impartial and fair, but one day she fell in love with a defendant and then married him. This ruined her reputation for impartiality and her "office" of mediator was abolished.

(Maya)God of agriculture.

Gitche Manitou
The Great Spirit, the All-Father.

(Navajo) She learned the healing chant (Hozoni) and its rituals from her lover, a leader of the snake people of the lower world. Back on earth, she tried to teach the song of beauty to her brother, but he was not as fast a learner as she and had trouble remembering the elaborately beautiful song. By the use of magic she finally taught him; when she returned to the lower world, the Navajo were left with the gift of healing.

(Algonquin) The creator force. Also Glooscap.

(Tuscarora) It is said that at the beginning of time, all the people spoke the same language. The heroine Godasiyo was a chief in the biggest village. One day, Godasiyo's favorite dog gave birth to seven puppies, the last-born of which was the cutest puppy you have ever seen. This magical puppy was so cute that Godasiyo's people grew envious. They began to argue violently for possession of the dog. Godasiyo invented canoes and ordered those of her people who were still friendly into them. She wanted them to travel to a new place, where they could establish a new village and live in peace with the adorable puppy. But even as they pepared to embark arguments began about which canoe the chief and her puppy should ride in. Godasiyo then invented an outrigger, so she could ride between the canoes. But even this was not good enough. The migrating people reached a place where the river divided and began to argue furiously about which way to go. During the argument, the chief and her dog were accidentally thrown into the water and drowned. But almost immediately they were reborn, she as a huge sturgeon, the puppy as a little whitefish. When the people tried to comment on this miracle, they found they could no longer understand each other. Because of the conflict over possession of a puppy, the many human languages were born.

Great Seahouse
(Maya) See Jaguar Night.

(Caribbean) The goddess of storms, wind, and water. Her messenger goddess was Guantuava.

(Maya)Kucumatz. Creator God. Serpent God. God of agriculture and civilization.

(Maya)Sky God. One of the seven Gods who created the world and the humans.

(Iroquois) A young hunter (mortal) who was adopted by Hino and brought up to heaven.

(Tlingit/Haida) The Tlingit and Haida tribes of Alaska considered her a kindly forest goddess.

(Maya) The god of the mountains.

(Maya)God of real people.

(Huron) The High God.

Hanghepi Wi
(Dakota) Moon god.

(AmerIndian) Goddess of hunting. Wife of the war god.

(Huron) The spirit of thunder.

Hino (Hinu, Heno)
(Iroquois) The sky god and the spirit of thunder. He killed the water serpent who lived in the Great Lakes.

(Creek) "Controller of Life".

(Pawnee) Wind god.

(Aztec)Ueuecoyotl. Trickster God. God of gaiety, physical sex, irrational fun.

(Aztec)The Old God. God of fire. Torquoise lord. Patron of warriors and kings. God of domestic and spiritual fire, ritual, the calender. The alternative name of the Aztec god Xiuhtecutli.

(Chibcha) The moon goddess, wife of Bochica. Also the goddess of indulgence.

(Aztec) The god of war and the protector of the city, was the blazing midday sun. He was depicted with hummingbird feathers on his head and left leg, his face black, and brandishing a serpent made of turquoise. The story goes that Coatlicue, the mother of Coyolxauhqui (night) and of four hundred stellar divinities was praying when a bunch of feathers fell from heaven. She placed them in her bodice and, shortly afterwards, discovered she was pregnant. Her children reproached her for this belated pregnancy and discussed killing her. But Huitzilopochtli emerged fully armed from her womb, wearing blue armor and carrying a blue lance and the "turquoise serpent", and massacred his brothers and sisters.

(Aztec)Uixtochihuatl. Fertility Goddess.

(Maya) See Jaguar Night.

Hun Hunahpu
(Maya)Fertility God.

Hunab Ku
(Maya)Supreme God. Creator God. God of the gods.

(Maya)Creator God. Sun God. One of the two heroes (with Xbalanque) who contested against the gods in a game of pokatok, the Mayan equivalent of basketball combined with soccer. In the regular games, the losing team was sacrificed to the gods!

Hunahpu Utiu
(Maya)One of the thirteen Gods who created human beings.

(Maya)One of the thirteen Gods who created human beings.

(Maya)Hunahau. Chief of demons and ruler of Mitnal.

Hun Pic Tok
(Maya)War God.

(Maya)Huracan. Hurrican. Triple heart of the universe. God of wind and storm. Creator god. God of the whirlwind, hurricanes, thunder, spiritual illumination.

Iatiku and Nautsiti
(Acoma) The sisters who created man.

(Eskimo) The demonic cousin of the sun.

(Aztec)Mother Goddess.

(Inca)Storm and Weather God. God of thunder and lightning.

(Inca) The weather god. Pictured as a man in the sky with a sling. He made rain fall by breaking with his slingshot a pitcher of water held by his sister. The crack of his sling was thunder, the shot was the lightning bolt.

(Inca)Sun God. God of fertility and crops.

(Iroquois) Creator of the first man and woman.

(Aztec) The supreme deity. Also called Tloque Nahuaque.

(Crow) The Supreme Being.

(Maya) God of The sky. Father of the Gods. Creator of mankind. Lord of knowledge. Moon-god. Personified the East, the rising Sun, light, life. God of healing, drawing, letters, crops, fertility, water, regeneration, medicine. The most important deity in the Maya pantheon, Itzamna was the son of the creator god Hunab, and was lord of the heavens, and also lord of day and night. He was represented as a kindly old man, toothless with sunken cheeks and a pronounced nose. A cultural hero, he invented writing and books, established religious ceremonies, and divided the land. He was entirely benevolent, never responsible for any destruction or disaster.

(Maya)God of Lacandon.

(Aztec)Obsidian knife god. God of darkness, terrible cold, volcanic eruptions, disaster.

(Aztec)Stone knife God. God of sacrifice.

(Aztec)Obsidian Knife Butterfly. Goddess of agriculture, fate, stars. She is mentioned as a dragon-like being.

Ix Chebel Yax
(Maya)Goddess of weaving.

(Maya)God of the moon, magic.

(Maya)The Rainbow. Earth and Moon Goddess. Patroness of pregnant women. Goddess of childbirth, medicine, the Moon, pregnancy, floods, weaving, domestic arts.

(Maya)Young Moon Goddess.

(Maya)One of the thirteen Gods who created human beings.

(Maya)One of the thirteen Gods who created human beings.

(Maya)Goddess of the noose and the gallows. Protector of those who committed suicide. Patroness of hunting and hanging.

(Aztec)God of healing and medicine, as well as feasting and games.

(Maya)Protectress of all jade cutters.

(Maya)Water Goddess.

(Aztec)Mother Goddess.

(Aztec) The mythical founder of the Aztec peoples.

Jaguar Night
(Maya) One of the first four men created by the gods from maize (ground to a fine powder) mixed with water. The others were Jaguar Quitze, True Jaguar and Mahucutah. The first four women who were created at the same time were Great Seahouse, Shrimp House, Macaw Woman and Hummingbird.

Jaguar Quitze
(Maya) See Jaguar Night.

(Acoma) The younger children of Iatiku who had the power to bring rain and food.

(Maya)One of the Bacabs, the Gods of the four cardinal directions. Kan is associated with the east, and his color is yellow.

(Maya)God who guarded cities.

(Maya)God who re-created the earth after it was destroyed by the four Bacabs.

(Cherokee) The male First Ancestor.

(Fox) The Great Spirit.

Ketq Skwaye
(Huron) The creator; Grandmother Toad.

(Maya)Sun God.

(Maya)God of foreigners and diseases.

(Inca) The moon, a female deity and wife of the sun.

Kinich Ahau
(Maya)Sun God.

Kinich Kakmo
(Maya)Sun God.

(Maya)God of earthquakes.

(Maya)Kukulkan. Kukumatz. Gugumatz. Feathered serpent. Supreme God. God of the four elements. Creator God. God of resurrection and reincarnation. His attributes, each representing one element, are a maize-ear (earth), a fish (water), lizard (fire), and vulture (air). Personification of the west. God of light, learning, culture, organization and order, laws, calendar.

(Aymara - Andean people of Bolivia) Snow god and main deity.

(Klamath) Beneficent goddess portrayed as a beautiful woman.

(Klikitat) A fire goddess; personification of Mt. St. Helens.

Macaw Woman
(Maya) See Jaguar Night.

(Aztec)Five Flower. God of music and dance, of games and feasting.

Maho Peneta
(Mandan) The Great Spirit.

(Maya) See Jaguar Night.

(Aztec) A sister of Huitzilopochtli, and a sorceress with special powers over scorpions, snakes and other stinging, biting insects of the desert.

(Algonquin) Brother of Gluskap, but a destructive force.

(Maya)Earthquake God. The rain god.

Mama Cocha
(Inca)Mother Sea. Wife of Viracocha, and goddess of the rain and the wind. Goddess of fishing.

Mama Quilla
(Inca)Mother Moon. Moon Goddess. Goddess and protectress of married women, the calendar, religious festivals.

Manco Capac
(Inca)Sun God. God of magick.

(Lenape) The Great Spirit. According to present Unami usage: Gicelemu 'kaong, usually translated "great spirit", but meaning literally, "creator".

(American Indian) The first man in some American Indian myths.

(Maya)Goddess of volcanoes and divination.

Master of Winds
(Iroquois) God of the winds, husband of Atahensic, and father of Ioskeha and Tawiscara.

(Maya) Goddess discoverer of pulque (forerunner of tequila), a fermented drink.
(Aztec)Goddess of the maguey plant.

(Mandan) Sun god.

(Aztec)Moon God.

Mexitl (Mextli)
The principal god of the ancient Mexicans to whom hundreds of human sacrifices were made annually. Sometimes called Huitzilopochtli (Humming-bird of the South), he was the god of war and storms and was born fully armed with weapons.

(Aztec) Mictlantecuhtli's wife who helped govern the nine layers of the underworld and its nine rivers.

(Aztec)The lowest layer of the underworld.

(Aztec)Lord of the realm of the dead. Also spelled Mictlantecihuatl. Creator and ruler of the underworld (Mictlan), she wore a skirt of snakes and had clawed feet for digging her way beneath the earth.

(Maya)Realm of the dead. It is the ninth and lowest level of the underworld; a place of eternal cold and darkness. This is where the souls of those who lived a bad life are sent to. The ruler of Mitnal is the god Hunhau.

(Aztec)Star God. Cloud Serpent. God of the hunt and war, and god of the polar star. God of the underworld, and father, with Coatlicue, of four hundred children.

(Maya)A giant, one of the Bacabs. Mulac stands in the north. His color is white.

(Maya)God of war.

(Aztec)Tutelary spirit.

(Aztec)Protectors of mortals. They are created from the same stuff as mortal, and each person has a nahual who looks after him.

(Huichol) The earth goddess.

(Chippewa) The Trickster god. Also called Winabojo.

(Algonquin) Also known as Manabozho, Wisaaka and Glooscap. He is the central figure in myth and legend. His grandmother is Nokomis, the earth.

(Aztec)God of courage and bravery.

(Aztec) God of disease, who sacrificed himself so that there would be a sun for the fifth world (our world).

Nanih Waiya
(Choctaw) The place where the people emerged to this world; later used as a name for the creator.

Nanook (Nanuq)
(Eskimo) The Bear god. (The Pleiades)

(Maya)God who created mind and thought.

(Eskimo) The cold weather spirit.

(Arikara) "The Power Above".

(American Indian) The great sky god of the Arikara tribe (Plains Indians).

(Maya)God of creation.

(Chippewa) Messenger of the gods and teacher of mankind.

(Choctaw) The survivor of the Flood.

(Aztec)Two Reeds. God of feasts and joy.

(Aztec)Omeciuatl. Creator Goddess.

(Aztec)Ometeoltloque. Ometecutli. Tloque Nahuaque. Citlatonac. Two Lord. Creator God. God of fire and the highest god of the Aztec pantheon. He is the lord (or androgynous master) of duality and of the unity of the opposites.

(Iroquois) The spirit of wheat; she is Eithinoha's daughter.

(Aztec)God of fishing, hunting, and bird snaring.

(Iroquois) An eagle who attends Hino and lives with him in the sky, along with Keneu, another eagle attendant.

(Inca)Lord of the Earth. Supreme God. Earth God. God of the sun, arts, occupations, oracles.

(Inca)Earth Mother.

(Pawnee) Moon goddess who marries the sun. They are the creators of the first people.

(Yana) She and her daughter created the first Paiute people.

(Inuit) She cares for the souls of the dead in heaven while they wait to be reincarnated.

(Aztec)God of healing and fertility. He is also 'lord of the pulgue root'.

(Hopi) Sun god.

(Aztec)Messenger to Huitzilopochtli.

(Inuit) She takes the souls of the dead to heaven, and gives them to the care of Pana.

(Maya)God of the sky. One of the seven creators of creation and humans.

(Bella Coola) The first woman.

Quetzalcoatl "plumed serpent".
(Aztec)Feathered Snake. Morning Star. Great Priest. Master of life. Creator God. Creator sky-god and wise legislator. God of the wind (the wind-god Ehecatl is one of his forms), as well as a water-god and fertility-god. God of the sea breeze, civilization, the arts, metallurgy, fate. One legend says he was the god of creation, who with Tezcatlipoca, pulled the earth goddess, Coatlicue, down from the heavens, and in the form of great serpents, ripped her into two pieces to form the earth and sky. Another that he was the son of the sun god and of Coatlicue, one of the five goddesses of the moon. He was the god of vegetation, earth and water. He was also worshipped as Ehecatl, a god of the wind. Originally he was a Toltec god.

(Chinook) The creator goddess who created people by eating thunderbird eggs.

(Hopi) She is associated with the creation of life.

(Mandan) The creator goddess. She makes human bodies and her male counterpart adds the souls.

(Eskimo) The goddess of the sea. An earth mother figure who had been a child of giants. When her ravenous hunger led her to start eating her sleeping parents, they took her out to sea and cut off her fingers, which became whales, walrus, seals and fish. They then cast her into the depths of the ocean which she then ruled. Called Arnarquagsaq in Greenland and Nerivik in Alaska.

(Cherokee) The female First Ancestor.

(Pawnee) Sun god.

Shilup Chito Osh
(Choctaw) The Great Spirit.

Shrimp House
(Maya) See Jaguar Night.

Sio Humis
(Hopi) Rain god.

(Inca)God of the underworld and death.

The home of the Aztec gods.

(Iroquois) The giant who holds up the heavens.

(Pueblo) The sun kachina.

(Iroquois) The evil twin brother of Ioskeha.
(Huron) Called Taweskare or Tawiskaro; The evil Creator-Twin.

(Aztec)Tecuciztecal. Moon god.

(Aztec)God of dead warriors.

(Maya)Creator god. God of the power in the sky. He is one of the seven deities who assisted in creation.

(Aztec) Lord of uncertainty. Earth and cave god.

(Aztec)Tozi. Mother of the Gods. Personification of the powers of nature. Goddess of healing and the sweat baths.

(Aztec)Supreme God. Mirror that smokes. The Shadow. He who is at the shoulder. Smoking mirror. God of night and all material things. God of the north. Lord of the world and the natural forces. God of beauty and war, the lord of heroes and lovely girls. God of warriors, magicians, sorcerer, drought, harvest, dancing, music, magick, cold. God of war. He was represented in human form with a stripe of black paint across his face and an obsidian mirror replacing one of his feet. He was supposedly mutilated by the crocodile on which the earth rests. He was also called Yoalli Ehecatl (night wind), Yaotl (warrior), and Telpochtli (young man). As a creator god he ruled over the first of the four worlds which were destroyed prior to the creation of this one. In animal form he was a jaguar.

(Navajo) A water monster.

Tirawa atius
(Pawnee) The supreme god.

(Maya)God of evil.

(Aztec)Tlahuizcalpantecutli. Lord of the Dawn. God of the planet Venus as the morning star.

(Aztec) Originally an Olmec god, worshipped as a jaguar deity. The one who makes things sprout. Lord of the sources of water. Lord of the water. Earth and nature God. God of agriculture, fire, and the south, thunder, hail, fertility, water, clouds, lightning. God of rain, springs, and mountains. He had control over fertility. He was represented as a man painted black with huge, round eyes circled by long-fanged snakes. He had two companions; Uixtocijuatl (goddess of sea water) and Chalchiutlicue (goddess of fresh water).

(Aztec)Earth Monster God, called 'Lord of the Earth'.

(Maya)God of the dawn. Lord of the planet Venus.
(Aztec)Lord of the house of dawn. The morning star Venus.

(Aztec)Goddess of filth. Dirt Goddess. Lady of Witches. Goddess of the crescent Moon. Earth and Mother Goddess. Goddess of sex. Goddess of physical love, fertility, death. Goddess of lust and sexual guilt. Was also known as Tlaelquarni, "cleansing" goddess and Tlacolteutl (she had four aspects; four sisters: Tiacapan, Teicu, Tlaco and Xocutzin).

(Maya) The god of fire.

(Aztec) The goddess of motherhood.

(Aztec)Pilzintecutli. Royal Lord. Ruler of fate. Sun-god. God of warriors who died in battle and women who died in childbirth.

(Navajo) The rain god.

True Jaguar
(Maya) See Jaguar Night.

(Huron) The good Creator-Twin.

The female spirit of the Acoma Indian creation myth.

Tunkan Ingan
(Dakota) Sex god.

(Maya)Sky God.

(Aztec)Stellar God.

The Acoma Indian creator of the world; Father of the Gods.

(Aztec)God of sex and irresponsible gaiety. His name means "Old, Old Coyote".

(Aztec)-God of the sun.

(Yana) Goddess of good luck.

(Lakota) Goddess ancestor of all evil beings. She also created fish.

(Inca)God of underground treasures.

(Inca)The Creator. Foam of the lake. Great God. God of the sun, storm, lightning, oracles, languages, moral codes, rain, water, fertility. The supreme god. He created mankind, was disappointed with their actions and destroyed them. He re-created them, but this time created the sun and moon also so that they could live in the light. He then created mountains, rivers, animals so that all could have the means to exist.

(Maya)God of the earth.

(Chinook) The Chinook people were once struck with a terrible endless winter. They were completely ice-bound with no relief in sight, and so the people began to fear for their survival for they would soon have no food. A council was called, and the elders recalled that endless winter resulted from the killing of a bird. Each person was asked if he or she had been guilty of such a crime. Everyone denied it. But the children pointed to a little girl who, crying, confessed that she had struck a bird with a stone, and it had died. The Chinook dressed the girl in the finest garments and exposed her on a block of ice as an offering to the winter spirits. Almost immediately a thaw ensued and summer came with a rush. Now the people could gather food again. Nearly a year later, when the winter returned, the Chinook saw a block of ice containing the girl's body and fetched it to shore. Miraculously, the girl revived and afterward lived among them as a sacred being, able to walk unprotected, even barefoot, through the winter and to communicate with its spirits.

(Sioux) A collective union of the gods.
(Dakota) The Supreme Deity.

White Buffalo Woman
(Oglala) This sacred woman brought secret knowledge to the Oglala. It was said that she first appeared to two young men as a white-clad lady whose clothing was lavishly embroidered with porcupine quills in exquisite patterns. One of the young men was overtaken by lust, but the second recognized that she was no earthly woman. The first, although warned, could not contain himself; he rushed open-armed toward the woman. She smiled, and a soft white cloud descended to cover their embrace. When it passed, the woman stood alone with the young man's skeleton at her feet. Smiling, she told the second man that the dead man had been awarded just what he sought. She instructed the man to return to his village and set his people to building a huge sacred tent. Then she entered the village, and the people were enraptured by her presence. Walking seven times around the central fire, she spoke to them, giving them a bag containing a sacred pipe and teaching them the ceremonies that went with these objects. She reminded them of the mysteries of their mother, the earth. Urging them always to honor her, she disappeared in the shape of a white buffalo.

Windigo (Whitiko,Weendigo, Witigo, Wehtiko)
(Ojibwa, Chippewa, Algonquin) A race of giant cannibals who feed upon other human beings in the winter when food is scarce.

(Ojibwa) She was the daughter of the great goddess Nokomis. Winonah was a virgin mother who was raped four times by the same manitou or spirit. It happened that she was in the forest picking berries one day, and overtaken with a need to urinate, she forgot the warning that women should never face west while making water. When the manitou saw her vagina, he took form and had intercourse with her immediately. Through this spirit-union, she not only acquired magical powers of fertility and longevity, but also gave birth to four heroic sons.

(Cree) The Trickster god.

Xaman Ek
(Maya)Guide of the merchants. God of the North Star. Protector and guide of merchants and traders. God of business, peace, plenty.

(Maya)Xibalbay. The realm of the dead.

(Aztec)The HairyOne. Maize Goddess.

Xipe Totec
(Aztec)-The god of springtime renewal and nocturnal rain. God of flowers. God of vegetation. His ceremonies were marked by human sacrifices. The victims were pierced with arrows so that their blood flooded the ground like a fertilizing rain. Then their hearts were torn out and, finally, they were flayed. People who had certain skin diseases wore the skin of the tortured for 20 days in order to be cured. Perhaps because of the yellow skins worn by the penitents, Xipe Totec was the god of goldsmiths.

(Aztec)Fire-snake and the personification of drought and scorched earth.

(Aztec)-Also known as Otontecuhtli or Huehueteotl. God of fire. Depicted as an old bearded man who carried a brazier on his head in which burned incense. He was the god of the hearth. As the god of fire he was also the god of the sun and of volcanoes .Xiuhtecuhtli was associated with peppers, symbols of the life force. The pine, from which torches are made, was his tree.

(Aztec)Xiuhtecuhtli. He is the personification of light in the darkness, warmth in coldness, and life in death. God of light and fire.

(Maya) The goddess of childbirth. Wife of Xpiyacoc and mother of One Hunahpu and Seven Hunahpu.

(Aztec) The brother and consort of Xochiquetzal, associated with Xipe Totec and Cinteotl. God of flowers. God of sport. God of dance. God of games. God of beauty. God of love. God of youth.

(Aztec) The goddess of weavers who was also responsible for fertility, childbirth, flowers, singing and dancing. She was (like the Roman Flora) a deity of sexual license as well. Marigolds were her favorite flower, but she loved every plant and every creature. Much loved by Aztec women, she was honored with little pottery figurines that showed her with feathers in her hair; these are still frequently unearthed in Mexico. In some legends, this goddess was the only female survivor of the great flood that destroyed the world preceding this one. With a man, she escaped the torrent in a small boat. Faced with the prospect of repopulating the world, they set to work as soon as the flood receded. But all of their children were born mute. Finally a pigeon magically endowed them with language, but every child received a different tongue so that each was unable to communicate with the others.

(Aztec)God of fire and of the stars.

(Aztec)The Animal. Lord of the evening Star. Lord of the Underworld. God of lightning who guides the dead to the Mictlan. Lord of the evening star and personification of Venus. God of monsters, magicians, twins.

(Maya) The god of marriage, husband to Xmucane and father of One Hunahpu and Seven Hunahpu, mighty warriors who were experts in pokatok and never lost a game.

Xpuch and Xtah
(Maya) According to legend, the world's first prostitutes.

(Aztec)Yiacatecuhtli. Yiacatecuhtli. God of travelling merchants.

(Maya) Chief of the lightning gods.

(Navajo) The female leader of the gods.

Yeba Ka
(Navajo) The male leader of the gods.

(Navajo) The child of the sun. A giant in Navajo legend.

Yemanja (Imanje)
(Brazil) She is the ocean goddess of the crescent moon. Goddess of the sea. On New Year's Eve, at midnight, those who love Yemanja go to a beach and light a candle in her name. Then, little boats constructed of flowers are set adrift on the waves. If they are taken out to the sea by Yemanja, a good year will come. If they are refused and thrown back onto the sand, it will be a bad year.

Yemaya (Imanje)
(Caribbean) Goddess of the deep sea.

(Mexico) God of merchants.

Yolkai Estsan
(Navajo) The sister of the turquoise-sky goddess Estsanatlehi, she was a Navaho moon goddess. Called "white shell woman" because she was made from abalone, Yolkai Estsan ruled the dawn and the ocean; she was also creator of fire and maize.

Yum Kaax
(Maya)Forest Lord. Lord of the harvest fields. Lord of the woods. God of maize in particular and of agriculture in general. Personifies perfect male beauty.

(Peru) This "grain mother" was occasionally replicated in her own fields in the form of strangely shaped ears of corn or ears that joined in multiple growths. Sometimes these goddess images were dressed as human women in a robe and shawl with a silver clasp; or they were created from precious metals or stone. Sometimes, Zaramama came to earth in deformed cornstalks, which were hung by her followers on willow trees; festive dances were held around the willows, then the cornstalks were burned (assuring a plentiful supply of corn) while the people drank fermented corn beer and ate the meat of sacrificed llamas, whose blood was used to anoint their faces.

(Nicaragua) She was the goddess who made everything on earth. She lived in the east, where souls of the chosen went after death; souls of evildoers were confined to beneath her surface.

(Maya)Zotzilaha. Bat God of caves. Patron of the Zotzil Indians in Chiapas (Mexico) near the Pacific Ocean



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